Posts for category: ENT Health
- The oral preparation stage is where the food or liquid is made ready for swallowing. In terms of food, this means chewing your food.
- Next is the oral stage where the tongue moves food or liquid to the back of the mouth. This starts the swallowing process.
- Then comes the pharyngeal stage, where the contents of the mouth go through the pharynx, throat, and esophagus.
- Last is the esophageal stage, where it transfers from the esophagus into your stomach.
- A constant feeling of something, either water or liquid, being stuck in the throat.
- Problems controlling saliva production, i.e. drooling.
- The sensation of a lump in the throat.
- Discomfort in the chest or throat.
- Coughing or choking when trying to swallow, drink, or eat. This is due to substances being pulled into the lungs.
- Difficulties sustaining a normal weight caused by swallowing interfering with nutritional intake.
- Tonsillitis or throat infections
- Scarring or damage to the esophagus
- Medication side effects
- Tumors in the lungs, esophagus, or throat
- Nerve diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Frequent earache
- Recurring ear infections
- Drainage of foul liquid from the ear, possibly bloody
- Hearing loss
- Ear feelings stuffy or full
- People seem to be talking very quietly all the time
- You find it difficult to follow along in conversations
- Higher pitched sounds, like alarm clocks or birds, are harder to hear
- Words with higher frequency consonants like f, t, s, p, and h are difficult to distinguish
- You frequently ask people to repeat themselves
Situated in the middle of the lower neck, the thyroid is a small glad whose primary function is to regulate the body’s metabolism. When operating correctly, the thyroid continuously replenishes the hormones needed to properly convert consumed materials into energy. However, when this function becomes impaired, it can cause immense problems for your overall health. Read on to learn about some of the most common thyroid disorders and how treatment from your local ENT can help treat them!
This condition occurs when the thyroid gland becomes unable to produce the necessary amount of thyroid hormone to correctly regulate the body’s metabolism. As you might expect, when the body experiences this shortage of hormones, the metabolism slows, an effect which can cause fatigue, weight gain, muscle, joint pain, and slowed heart rate.
Treatment: Hypothyroidism is treated through the prescription of levothyroxine, a synthetic hormone which effectively assumes the role of metabolism regulation. Under the careful eye of an ENT doctor, this treatment helps return you back to a healthy lifestyle!
While Hypothyroidism reduces the development of hormones, Hyperthyroidism increases it. With an overactive thyroid, the metabolism becomes accelerated, often causing weight loss, irregular heartbeat, increased appetite, and anxiety.
Treatment: Much like Hypothyroidism, medication is often the preferred method in treating Hyperthyroidism. However, unlike Hypothyroidism, there are a number of different medication routes to take, the choice of which depends on factors such as a patient’s age, physical condition, and underlying Hyperthyroidism cause. Some of these medications include thyroxine, methimazole, propylithiouracil, and beta-blockers. If prescription drugs are not a possibility, thyroid removal surgery can prove necessary.
Nodules are small lumps that can form along the thyroid. Coming in both solid and fluid-filled forms, the great majority of nodules thankfully turn out to be innocuous and nonthreatening. However, some nodules grow to be so large that they become visibly noticeable and make both swallowing and breathing difficult. Additionally, a small percentage of thyroid nodules turn out to be cancerous.
Treatment: The proper route of treatment is totally dependent on the unique specifics of the nodule in question. For enlarged, yet benign nodules, either hormone suppression therapy or surgery are the best choices. Surgery is also the usual treatment option for cancerous nodules.
Concerned? Call Your Local ENT!
Thyroid issues can have immense consequences for your body if they are left unchecked. If you suspect that you may have a thyroid issue, set up a consultation with your local ENT physician as soon as you can!
There are many ear, nose and throat problems that could benefit from surgery.
While surgery is often something that most people hope to avoid, there are some situations in which your otolaryngologist may advise you as to whether your next step in your treatment plan is actually to get surgery. While non-surgical treatment is almost always the answer, surgery can also finally provide those chronic and severe sufferers with the relief they’ve finally been hoping for.
When you are dealing with any ear, nose or throat problems it’s always best to turn to an otolaryngologist to treat your symptoms. Whether you are dealing with tonsil problems or sinus issues, they can help get these conditions under control. While many of these health problems won’t require surgery, they may be necessary if traditional methods aren’t providing you with relief. These conditions include:
- Hearing or balance problems
- Chronic or persistent ear infections
- Chronic sinusitis
- Thyroid problems
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Esophagus problems
By seeking care from a medical professional right away an otolaryngologist can easily determine the cause of your condition so that they can create a treatment plan that will finally provide you with the relief you’ve been looking for. In some cases, diagnostic imaging (e.g. X-rays, CT scan) may be necessary in order to make a definitive diagnosis.
In most instances, the treatment plan you receive in the beginning will provide you with a list of conservative, non-surgical options for tackling and managing your symptoms. While many people will find that these plans work perfectly for them, there are some whose conditions are so severe or long-term that the best option is surgery.
Fortunately, ear, nose and throat surgery has come a long way over the years and now otolaryngologists can offer:
- Both regular and endoscopic sinus surgery
- Surgery to correct breathing disorders
- Surgery to treat sleep disorders like sleep apnea
- Surgery to remove infected tonsils
- Surgery to correct congenital deformities
Whether you have questions about head and neck surgery or you are dealing with serious long-term sinusitis issues, it’s important that you have an ENT specialist that you can go to whenever you have questions, concerns or treatment needs.